The members set the following objectives of the Society:

The main forms of PNS activity include organizing:

PNS initiates and supports organization of numerous scientific meetings, symposia, conferences and sessions, focused on different subjects related to neurobiology. Training sessions organized till now concentrated on:

molecular bases of addiction, mechanisms of learning and memory, plasticity of the nervous system, cytokines and the brain, sensory and motor systems, neurogenesis and development, neuroimmunology of the brain, neurodegeneration, pain, neuropsychology, cortical integrative mechanisms, neuroinformatics.

Popularizing activity of PNS involves the organization of open annual events during the Brain Awareness Weeks: lectures, discussions, workshops and brain knowledge contests for high school and university students.